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Bilder

Plan of building periods of castle. © Büro für Burgenforschung (Castle Research Office) Dr. Zeune, Eisenberg im Allgäu 2005/06
Exact scale plan of masonry for a modernized loophole which was inserted in the east curtain wall around 1466. © Büro für Burgenforschung Dr. Zeune, Eisenberg im Allgäu 2005/06
Archaeological probes in the outer ditch, summer 2004. © Büro für Burgenforschung Dr. Zeune, Eisenberg im Allgäu 2005/06
Diagram showing what the castle probably looked like around 1290, shortly after 1400 and around 1500. Büro für Burgenforschung Dr. Zeune 2006

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Construction and maintenance work

Construction work on a castle shortly after 1500 showing the construction of a hilltop castle demonstrating the hardships involved when building on such an exposed site: the stone blocks which are cut on the site of the future outer ward have to be carried up to the castle manually which is very strenuous work. The same applies to the pieces of timber after they have been cut into shape by axe. As tree felling takes place on the site at the same time, the trees continue to disturb construction work . The scaffolding hangs dangerously over the precipice, a large swivel crane simplifies transport of materials inside the castle.

 

1400
1290

 

According to the unusually detailed documents concerning the maintainance of the castle buildings continuous alterations took place after 1375 when the castle was divided up between four families. The numerous repairs to the bridges, including pillars, drawbridges and gatehouses, which took place every 15-20 years are especially conspicuous. These constructions were subjected to extreme wear and tear.

The buildings were repeatedly replastered, refitted with stone and slab floors and reroofed, wooden elements, glass windows and chimneys renewed. For the construction work vassals from Lockweiler, Wadern, Rodt and Noswendel had to deliver stones for the walls, bricks, sand, limestone and water as well as enormous quantities of timber, of nails for the roofs, boards, floors and stores, of hooks, clamps and iron crooks in slave labour. The tools of the craftsmen repeatedly had to be sharpened or completely renewed.

As a result of this the building work dragged on indeterminably; work on the Flersheimer building (phase VI) took from 1583 (foundation laying) until 1573 (installation of spiral staircases), not forgetting the fact that the installation of the tiled stoves did not occur until 1580 and 1583.


 
Abbildungen

Construction work on a castle shortly after 1500 showing the construction of a hilltop castle demonstrating the hardships involved when building on such an exposed site: the stone blocks which are cut on the site of the future outer ward have to be carried up to the castle manually which is very strenuous work. The same applies to the pieces of timber after they have been cut into shape by axe. As tree felling takes place on the site at the same time, the trees continue to disturb construction work . The scaffolding hangs dangerously over the precipice, a large swivel crane simplifies transport of materials inside the castle.
Watercolour by Jakob Mennel  ca. 1518

The building of the Tower of Babel. This shows the construction of a tower during the second half of the 13th century and illustrates a hoist crane with tread wheel, used to raise stone blocks, and a stone layer with mortar trough on overhanging scaffolding which is fixed with additional  safety ropes. The stonemasons have their tools – the dressing axe – next to them. The stone mason at the foot of the tower is dressing the blocks of stone, the mason on the tower is putting the finishing touches to them.
Miniature from a French chronicle of the world (Bibliothèque Municipal Dijon)

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